Canadian Journal of Law and Technology


biometric technology, immigration, privacy rights


This article explores increased governmental interest in the use of biometric measurements as a means of identifying individuals and tracing their movements. Private industries, of course, are equally interested in biometrics, and often similarly capable of collecting and storing biometric information. For example, merchants in the United Kingdom require customers who pay by cheque to provide a thumbprint as an additional security measure against potential fraud. The issues raised by the use of biometrics in the private sector are somewhat different than those that arise in the public context. This article explores the increased reli- ance upon individual biometric measurements by gov- ernments in general and the United States of America in particular, and analyzes the ensuing implications for the privacy rights of individuals travelling to and living in that country.