Title

Environmental Impact Assessment as a Tool Toward Sustainable Development in Indonesia (Indonesian and Canadian Legal Perspectives)

Date of Award

1992

Document Type

Thesis

Abstract

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is one way to promote sustainable development in Indonesia in the sense that at least the following requirement should be taken into account in the EIA process. EIA should incorporated at the planning stage, so that steps may be taken to anticipate the negative impact of any plan on the environment and to provide greater alternatives for decision makers. The second requirement would be that EIA should be advocated within a strong and effective bureaucracy. Intersectoral coordination among bureaucrats is crucial. Democratizing the assessment process by involving the public is also an important means of establishing social control and balancing power sharing. These three parameters (planning tool, coordination and public involvement) are utilized in this thesis to determine whether Indonesia's EIA practices have, and will, help Indonesia to achieve sustainable development. The thesis thus describes existing Indonesian EIA legislative problems in implementing these three parameters and offers recommendations for improvement. A comparison with the Canadian Environmental Assessment Review Process (EARP) is crucial. Because EARP was a primary model during the Indonesian development of an EIA system six years ago. To enrich this analysis, the comparison also includes two other Canadian jurisdictions, Nova Scotia and Ontario.

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