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Europe Economics and the Institute for Information Law at the University of Amsterdam were commissioned by DG Connect to undertake a study on the remuneration of authors of books and scientific journals, translators, journalists and visual artists (all groups are hereafter referred to as “authors”) for the use of their freelance works. The overarching objectives of this study are to analyse the current situation regarding the level of remuneration paid to authors in order to compare the existing national systems of remuneration for authors and identify the relative advantages and disadvantages of those systems for them. We also aim to assess the rationale for harmonising mechanisms affecting the remuneration of authors, and to identify which are the best suited to achieve this. Their potential impact on the functioning of the Internal Market is also examined.


This Study was commissioned by DG Connect of the European Commission.

© European Union, 2016. All rights reserved. Certain parts are licensed under conditions to the EU. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

DOI 10.2759/072458