The Promise and Pitfalls of C-92: An Act Respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis Children, Youth and Families

Naiomi Metallic, Dalhousie University Schulich School of Law
Hadley Friedland, University of Alberta
Sarah Morales, University of Victoria

Special Feature for Yellowhead Institute


The purposes of Bill C-92 is to recognize Indigenous People’s jurisdiction over child and family services, as part of an inherent and Aboriginal right to self- governance; to establish national standards in this area, in response to the TRC’s Call to Action #4; and to contribute to the implementation of UNDRIP. In this article, we identify both the improvements in Bill C-92 since our last report as well as key problems that remain in the five following areas:

1) National Standards

2) Jurisdiction

3) Funding

4) Accountability

5) Data Collection

We also suggest strategies to assist Indigenous communities in trying to work with the new law.