Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship, Remote Operator, Crew, Master, UNCLOS, SOLAS
As commercialising the technology of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship("MASS"), it may be expected that the remote controller plays a significant role in modern shipping industry in the near future. The concept of remote controller is defined as designated person who has the right of command and control regarding the ship's navigation and there exists the difference concerning the role and functions between transitional concept of a crew and a master and the remote controller in MASS. Hence, this study aims to discuss the legal status of remote controller as to whether they are considered as crew and master. In particular, it will examine whether the remote controller in MASS that does not exist ship's crew is regarded as the master based on international treaties and domestic maritime law by using the doctrinal legal study. The concluding remark of this study will seek to authorise the legal status concerning the remote controller as 'the crew and master' in MASS. Furthermore, it will refer to the need for the institutional improvement with regard to certification, education and training for the remote controller.
Junghwan Choi, Jinho Yoo & Sang-Il Lee, “자율운항선박 원격운항자의 역할과 법적 지위에 관한 소고-선원과 선장 개념을 중심으로 [translation: The Roles and Legal Status of Remote Operators of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships: Focusing on the Concept of a Crew and a Master]" (2018) 30:2 Maritime Law Review 155.