Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships, The ordinary practice of seamen, Maritime Law, Remotely operated vessel
Autonomous technology is advancing, but attention must be paid to how it will be realized when the technology meets specific domains. This paper argued that ships with autonomous technology can not be fundamentally free from the nature of a ship that is human system. Furthermore, the ordinary practice of seamen, which has been the foundation of ship safety for thousands of years, would serve as a basis for judging the adaptability of the autonomous technology. In this regard, the maritime autonomous surface vessels (MASS) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) should be re-conceptualized into remotely operated vessels (ROV) and fully-autonomous vessels (FAV), and both development models should fulfill the standards of the ordinary practice of seamen. Furthermore, insofar as the ordinary practice of seamen takes a central role in MASS, the approach of amending Maritime Law will is more appropriate in regulating MASS than that of adopting a special act. Accordingly, this paper presented a draft of minimum necessary amendments.
Jinho Yoo, Chan-Soo Jung, Sang-Il Lee, 자율운항선박의 통제원리로서의 선원의 상무와 해사법규 개정방안 [translation: A Study on the Ordinary Practice of Seamen as a Controlling Principle of MASS and its Revision of Maritime Law] (2019) 31:2 Maritime Law Review 55.