Keith MacMaster


Keith MacMaster



Keith MacMaster is a legal and financial policy researcher focusing on sustainable finance. His research is directed at two broad areas: climate finance and deep seabed mining. The first area aims at improving responsible investing and creating new sustainable financial products. The second area analyzes the financial mechanisms relating to deep seabed mining, ensuring parties responsible for environmental damage have liability attached.

His PhD thesis, "Comprehensive Wealth and the Development of Deep Seabed Mining Finance", addresses the financial and investment issues in deep seabed mining, arguing that additional measures are necessary to prevent environmental and social harms, to provide for compensation and remediation should those harms occur, and to ensure that the principles of the common heritage of mankind are implemented.

Currently teaching LAWS1015 – Property in its Historical Context, and COMM2603 – Legal Aspects of Business.

Doctorate in Law (PhD) – Anticipated August 2021

• Dalhousie University

• Thesis: Comprehensive Wealth and the Development of Deep Seabed Mining Finance

Master of Law (LLM) – October 2018

• Dalhousie University – Responsible Investing for Retail Consumers: Access Denied

• Thesis available at:

Personal Financial Planner - 2015

• Canadian Securities Institute - Toronto, ON

Master of Business Administration (MBA) - 2007

• Richard Ivey School of Business, London, ON

Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) - 2003

• Dalhousie University - Halifax, Nova Scotia

Bachelor of Science (Distinction) (B.Sc.) - 2000

• University College of Cape Breton – Sydney, NS

Publication Date



finance and sustainability, mining and investment


Banking and Finance Law | Environmental Law | Natural Resources Law | Oil, Gas, and Mineral Law


Recent Presentations:

Responsible Investments – Access denied - paper presented at the Piercing the Corporate Veil: Multinational Corporate Accountability (November 2018, Osgoode Hall Law School), Toronto, ON

Environmental Liability for Deep Seabed Mining in the Area – liability regimes for operators, flag and sponsoring states - presented at Changing and Dynamic Oceans: Gauging Law and Policy Responses (November 2018, George Washington University Law School), Washington, DC

Board Diversity – Soft Targets and Soft Floors (with Sara Seck) - Book Chapter presented to CIGI workshop – March 2019, Toronto: ON

Retirement Planning Seminars – Various dates and locations

SDG 14 and Deep Seabed Mining – Ensuring State Responsibility for environmental damage – paper presented at the Purdy Crawford Workshop: The Role of Business Regulation in Advancing the Sustainable Development Goals – Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, September 2019), Halifax, NS

Deep Seabed Mining Finance – paper presented to Canadian-Japanese Exchange on the Law of the Sea (December 2019)

The Precautionary Approach and Deep Seabed Mining: Edging in Tricky Currents – paper presented to the World Association of Science, Engineering and Technology – Montreal, July 2020

Recent Publications:

Board Diversity: Soft Targets and Hard Floors (with Sara Seck), in The Corporation in International, Transnational and Domestic Law and Governance – Canadian perspectives on Globalized Rule of Law (Waterloo: CIGI, 2020).

More Data, Less Problems: A Case for More Precise Climate Data in Investment Allocation – Blog post – The FinDev Blog – Global Market Financial Center Duke University’s School of Law -;

The high seas and the deep sea need Canada’s environmental leadership (with Susanna Fuller, Anna Metaxas) (June 2020) submission to ISA/BBNJ.

Environmental Liability for Deep Seabed Mining in the Area: An urgent case for a robust Strict Liability regime (2019) 33 Oceans Yearbook 339.

Responsible Investing: Access denied (2019) 34:3 Banking and Finance Law Review 387.

(with Sara Seck) Devoir de Vigilance: A Canadian Perspective (2019) le deuxième anniversaire de la loi vigilance (edited by Sophie Schiller, LexisNexis) 201.

Keith MacMaster, Leslie Donovan & Peter Macintyre, "The Effects of Being Diagnosed with a Learning Disability on Children's Self-Esteem" (2002) 32:2 Child Study Journal 101-108.

Peter MacIntyre, Keith MacMaster & Susan Baker, "The Convergence of Multiple Models of Motivation for Second Language Learning: Gardner, Pintrich, Kuhl and McCroskey” 'in Motivation and Second Language Acquisition, Zoltan Dornei & Richard Schmidt (eds) (University of Hawai'i Press, 2001).

Keith MacMaster