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This paper is to inform on-going discussions over proposed new federal accessibility legislation, and in particular discussions about whether such legislation should be extended to First Nation reserve communities. This paper is not a part of the consultation process that is being undertaken with various First Nations organizations. It surveys statutory law, reports, literature and jurisprudence. It discusses the legal landscape that must inform any dialogue about extending the federal regime to First Nation communities and assesses successes and challenges associated with three existing federal regimes that apply on First Nation Reserves.