Canadian Journal of Law and Technology


Personal data, Data propertization, Privacy, Data protection, Blockchain, Co-regulation


The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, like other key legal instruments around the globe, grants citizens the right to privacy in Article 7. The Charter, however, further provides for the right to data protection in Article 8. Simply put, the implication of Article 8 of the Charter is that the right to data protection is a fundamental right. The central question in this article is whether data protection indeed qualifies to be categorized as a fundamental right. If not, what other approach(es) to data protection may be implemented?