Influenza, Pandemic, Justice, World Health Organization, Indonesia
Indonesia’s December 2006 decision to stop sending influenza virus specimens to the World Health Organization’s Global Influenza Surveillance Network (GISN) captured international attention. At the time, the H5N1 subtype of influenza A virus was predicted to be the basis for the next pandemic. While many accused Indonesia - the country most afflicted by the virus - of putting the rest of the world in peril by withholding virus samples, Indonesia maintained that GISN was unjust for failing to ensure equitable access to vaccines developed using those samples. The H5N1 pandemic threat eventually waned, yet international negotiations to create a just framework for “sharing influenza viruses and other benefits” are ongoing.
In this paper, we critically evaluate Indonesia’s claims about the unjustness of GISN. We argue in favour of Indonesia’s position and conclude that GISN must be significantly altered so that it properly recognizes the values of ownership, contribution, reciprocity, and human rights.
Meena Krishnamurthy & Matthew Herder, "Indonesia’s Refusal to Share Influenza Virus Specimens with the World: Reviving the Arguments for Justice in Influenza Pandemic Preparedness" (2011) [unpublished, archived at Dalhousie University Schulich School of Law Digital Commons].