Document Type

Response or Comment

Publication Date



Paris Climate Agreement, Review, Compliance


Articles 13 to 15 of the Paris Climate Agreement establish four key elements of an overall cycle of review as part of the pledge and review approach adopted in the Agreement, a technical review of progress reports filed by Parties, a multilateral review of these progress reports, a global stocktake of progress toward the collective long-term goal, and an implementation and compliance mechanism. The design, timing and sequencing of these reviews will have to be negotiated before the Paris Agreement can be fully operationalized. This working paper considers some of the key issues negotiators will have to consider in designing these review processes.


Author's manuscript.