Chapter 9, Canada - Electronic Evidence in Canada

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



Canada, Electronic Evidence, Discovery, Evidence, Electronic Signatures, Protection Of Privacy, Confidentiality, Wiretap, Electronic Surveillance, General Warrant, Computer, Cell Phone, Search


This chapter discusses the issues surrounding electronic evidence in Canada. Topics discussed include the best evidence rule, electronic signatures, web-based evidence, and video-tape and security camera evidence. In addition rules around protection of privacy, discovery, and confidentiality are pursued. Finally the chapter also considers the many issues which arise around gathering electronic evidence in the criminal context, including wiretaps, general warrants, and searches of computers and cell phones.