Employment Law and Dentistry

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



Employment Law, Dentistry Law, Employment Relationship, Common Law, Canada, Non-Unionized Employment


This book offers valuable direction and practical advice to dental professionals and those interested in understanding and addressing the evolving challenges faced by the dentistry and other health professions – from business and employment law issues, to privacy and confidentiality matters, to malpractice claims and human rights complaints. Simply put, Dental Law in Canada, 3rd Edition is a must-have reference for oral health professionals and their advisors.

Complete, Updated Content
With contributions from recognized experts, Dental Law in Canada, 3rd Edition is the only Canadian resource to provide a comprehensive examination of the broad range of legal issues that dental professionals encounter on a regular basis. In this latest edition, readers will find updated content and analyses of recent developments, including:

  • Rewritten chapters on negligence and consent, as well as an extensively updated chapter on privacy and confidentiality, including an examination of the tort of breach of confidence and intrusion upon seclusion, and an expanded discussion of the role and impact of PIPEDA in dental practice
  • An expanded discussion of Medicare in relation to dental care
  • A consideration of the distinction between surgical and other dental care, and the resulting implications for provincial funding for treatment
  • A review of the national and provincial approaches to health care reform
  • An exploration of the shortcomings of private health insurance, including discussions related to access, administrative cost and adverse selection
  • An explanation of the economic phenomenon of the “moral hazard” in insurance
  • A comparison of the benefits and disadvantages of public and private insurance, and a reflection on the political and socio-economic trends contributing to the inaccessibility of dental insurance
  • An investigation of the inherent issues related to dental care in the Canada Health Act
  • A chart illustrating provincial dental programming for children
  • An evaluation of the access to dental benefits for Indigenous Peoples
  • A discussion of discriminatory billing practices with reference to the federal Non-Insured Health Benefits Program (NIHB)
  • An updated section on the role, process and procedure of the various provincial and territorial human rights commissions
  • Revised content based on the recent changes to the Employment Standards Act
  • An explanation of how to be compliant with privacy legislation when retaining records and personal information
  • Updated tax rules for dental corporations, including an expanded section on income splitting and dividends as well as an explanation of the amount of passive income that can be accumulated
  • A discussion of the applicable responsibilities when transferring patient records

In addition, readers will benefit from new insight on a variety of topics related to dental law, such as:

  • The two-stage process used to establish that human rights law has been breached
  • The adverse distinctions in human rights
  • The legal issues relating to websites and e-commerce for a dental practice, including a discussion of copyright notices, privacy policies, legal disclaimers, terms of use and compliance with Canada’s anti-spam legislation (CASL)
  • A 2016 decision that addressed the question of whether an Ontario dentist had committed professional misconduct, and a related discussion exploring the issues of recordkeeping and drug prescription and administration
  • Canada’s legislative structure and the statutes governing dental professionals
  • A 2019 case that examined a dentist’s recordkeeping responsibilities
  • Sexual abuse of a patient by a dental professional, with case examples
  • The capacity of patients and dentists
  • The right to reasons as one of the rights of procedural fairness
  • The restorative approach of considering an Indigenous offender’s unique system or background factors in sentencing decisions
  • Dental research, including a discussion about Research Ethics Boards and their requirements, processes, guidelines and policies
  • Future dental business trends

This authoritative resource also features revised references and detailed footnotes to reflect relevant examples, statutes and the most up-to-date sources, including references to relevant provisions of the Charter, where applicable.

An Invaluable Resource
This third edition of Dental Law in Canada will be particularly useful to:

  • Dentists and dental professionals who must navigate the world of dental law, including understanding the potential liabilities and how to address the legal issues that might arise
  • Other health professionals who can apply the content of this text to other health and medical contexts
  • Lawyers advising dentists and/or dental professionals as it offers an insightful summary of legal dental issues and is a practical guide and point of reference
  • Dental students who must learn about the legal issues that dentists face