Sustainable Mining, Environmental Justice, and the Human Rights of Women and Girls: Canada as Home and Host State

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



Environmental Justice, Sustainable Development


Resource extraction of minerals and metals is often touted as a pathway to sustainable development, especially for poor countries and communities of the Global South. While large-scale mining projects can bring with them certain benefits, and opportunities, they can also have significant detrimental impacts, particularly for Indigenous communities, who “often rely on natural resources that mining activities disrupt, threaten, or poison, and [who] have cultural and spiritual relationships to landscapes that may be destroyed or degraded.” For industrial mining to meet accepted understandings of sustainable development, it must be responsive to the concerns of local communities, including Indigenous peoples, and women, who must all have the opportunity to choose to actively participate in, and benefit from, mining development.