Introduction: Navigating Multilevel Governance in Aquaculture

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



marine aquaculture, mariculture operations, food security, fish farming


This volume of essays examines the legal and related policy issues asso-
ciated with the development of the aquaculture sector, principally in
relation to marine aquaculture or mariculture operations. There is little
doubt about the current and future global importance of aquaculture.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) report
on The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (2014) notes that global
fish production has grown steadily ‘with food fish supply growing at an
average annual rate of 3.2 per cent, outpacing world population growth at
1.6 per cent’. However, most observers consider that the capture fishery
is unlikely to grow and thus, if overall fish production is to continue to
outpace population growth and contribute to increased availability of
food protein and food security, this enhanced production will need to
come from the aquaculture sector.