equality, judicial restraint, constitutional rights
Whatever else may be meant by "equality" in specific contexts, its ordinary usage requires a comparison of the political, social, and economic conditions of different members of society. Equality theories are normative theories that explain which differences in condition are justifiable, and which are unacceptable. In short, equality is about the distribution of social benefits and burdens; equality rights are rights to distributive justice.
Peter Rogers, "Equality, Efficiency and Judicial Restraint: Towards a Dynamic Constitution" (1956) 10:2 Dal LJ 139.