Dalhousie Law Journal


United States, hostile take-over, conditional bids, proxy solicitations, street sweeps, loaded bids, corporation, shareholder rights plan, poison pill, Canada, commercial law


It is trite to say that the United States has witnessed an explosion of hostile take-over activity in recent years. Potential acquirers have employed both non-coercive techniques such as conditional bids and proxy solicitations, and coercive techniques such as "street sweeps' 4 and two-tier, front-end loaded bids.5 In response, target corporations have fought back with a wide variety of" defences designed to defeat any undesired take-over attempt. One of the most widely contested of these defences is the shareholder rights plan, or "poison pill" as it is better known.