data protection, privacy, trusts, personal information, Quebec, investment
This paper argues that data protection laws apply to prevent the disclosure of certain information relating to trusts, which are increasingly being used .as business and investment vehicles. Given the broad scope of the concept of "personal information" found under both provincial and federal personal information protection statutes, arguments can be made that information relating to trust beneficiaries or trustees, where such beneficiaries or trustees are natural persons, enjoy some level of protection. Even where a trust contains an express choice of law clause providing that the laws of another province or country apply, Quebec conflict of laws rules may point to the application of Quebec's own personal information protection legislation. Hence, in order to avoid liability, trustees should use caution before disclosing trust-related information where part of the trust's business operations is outsourced to foreign jurisdictions, or where a foreign authority may request the disclosure of such information.
Eloise Gratton and Pierre-Christian Collins Hoffman, "Privacy, Trusts and Cross-Border Transfers of Personal Information: The Quebec Perspective in the Canadian Context" (2014) 37:1 Dal LJ 255.