Dalhousie Law Journal


animal products, Canada, steak, food, agriculture, in virto meat, IVM, plant-based, sustainable


This Article considers some of the different food innovations being presented as potential solutions to the myriad problems associated with conventionalmodels of industrial agriculture. Specifically,in vitro meat (IVM) and plant-based alternatives to animal products-and their corresponding regulatory and market structuresare compared and contrasted. Examining the idiosyncrasies around Canada's approach to regulating these products reveals that the respective degrees of scrutiny may not be commensurate with the respective degrees of risk, due in part to the influence of powerful industry actors who wish to maintain the status quo. Given the significance and scope of the problems implicated by the industrial food production system, favouring special economic interests comes at the detriment of a much wider group ofstakeholders. As such, the governance ofnew food innovations requires a more critical and thoughtful approach if it is to better reflect shared aspirations for a more justand sustainable food system for all.