Dalhousie Law Journal


Offshore territorial claims, proof, problem, territorial sea of Canada, international law, territorial domain, littoral state


The territorial sea of Canada consists of a 12-mile belt of maritime space extending seaward from the Canadian maritime coastline. I By virtue of international law, this 12-mile maritime belt is considered to be part of the territorial domain of the littoral state.2 As a consequence, the legal limits of Canadian territory extend beyond the low water line along the coasts of Canada to include the area of the 12-mile territorial sea.